Campanula Flower

Interesting Facts about the Campanula Flower

            It is known by many names, but the Campanula flower is best known by its dark foliage and its bell shaped blossoms.  This plant is one of the most favored among perennial gardeners.

            A well planned perennial garden will become the pride and joy of the gardener, and a focal point for all passer-by.  Perennials are plants that return year after year; asking for little to no maintenance yet providing beautiful show and interest in the garden.  The Campanula is a perfect example of this trait.  Also called bellflower due to the graceful shape of the blossoms, the plant can vary in size from ground cover of only a few inches tall to a bush type plant towering up to 6 feet tall.  Regardless of plant size, one feature that all Campanula varieties possess is the ability to produce lovely blooms during early and mid summer months; some blooming for as long as six weeks.

            It is important to note that, while most Campanulas are perennial plants, there are certain varieties that are annuals which habitually reseed themselves or just annuals.  Be sure to know which variety you are planting before purchasing to ensure you receive the results you wish in your garden.

            Many Campanula plants have characteristic bluish purple flowers; a recommended addition to a garden seeking flowers of blue.  However, other varieties bring out pink, dark purple or even white blossoms.  All blossoms carry the characteristic bell shaped blossoms.  For diversity in appearance, there are several Campanula cultivars that also exhibit their blooms in a combined bell and star shape.   Most of the Campanula flower heads contain 5 petals, but it is not unusual for the appearance of a 7 petalled bloom to appear from time to time.

            When making the decision to add one of these lovely perennials to your garden area, take time to consider all of the differences that the Campanula can offer.  In addition to varying plant sizes and flower shapes, one cultivar may propagate through both reseeding and runners and therefore require good spacing, while another may only appear every other year in biennial fashion.  Some of the varieties enjoy partial shading in the hottest part of the day, while other types relish being in the sun throughout the day.  Characteristics of the blooms may make a difference on how and where the Campanula is placed in the garden, as well.  Certain varieties, such as the punctata and the choclearfolia have demure, bowed heads for blossoms, while the flowers of other cultivars stand erect; blooms facing boldly upwards.  Yet another consideration will be your intent for the plant; one type of Campanula flower may be ideal for use as a cut flower, while another may be a climber that adds beauty and interest to a wall or fence.

            Most of the Campanula plants enjoy either a part shade or full sun bed that features a rich and well drained soil.  Deciding where in the bed to place your newest find will depend on the variety chosen, as the sizes of the mature plant will vary.  If a plant has been purchased, planting it will be easily accomplished by digging a hole the same size as the root ball of the plant.  Either spring or fall is a good time for planting the perennial, but pay special attention to frost warnings in either season.  Planting after the danger of frost in the spring or before a hard frost in the fall will obtain the best results.

            Campanula of any size and color will be a welcome addition to any garden.  Adding beauty to any space, the plant will become one of your favorites with its elegant blooms.