Growing Artichokes

Tips For Growing Artichokes

Growing artichokes is not something that is reserved for warm states where the sun shines all of the time.  There are so many different types of artichokes that can be grown that the average person can become a green thumb and grow these in the their own homes or gardens.  This article is going to briefly explain how growing artichokes can be done and how it can also be easy for you if you are new to this process.

You can purchase artichokes at your local nursery.  If you live in a location where the average winter temperature does not drop below 15 degrees you can plant them in the fall.  You are going to want to have them purchased and ready to plant after the danger of frost has past.  If you are going to plant seeds, you will want to start these inside your house eight to twelve weeks before you are going to move them outside.  Once you are ready to move them outside, or plant the artichoke for the first time, you are going to select a place that is going to get full sun.  You are also going to need to think further ahead into the future and select a location that is not going to interfere with other plants.  The artichokes are going to be approximately four or five feet tall so you are not going to want to plant them in a location where they are going to shade other plants or interfere with their growth.  Spacing between each individual artichoke is also important.  Plant them roughly three feet apart from each other in rows that are five or six feet apart.  If you are living in colder climates, you can plant them a little bit closer together.  This may help them avoid damage from the colder temperatures in the winter months.

Soil is important.  You need find soil that has a PH level anywhere from 6.5 to 7.0.  You will dig very deep into this soil and add a lot of organic materials that will be rich in phosphorus and potassium.  If you are planting in an area that is mild, you will plant them deep enough so that the crown is just above the soil.  You will want to go deeper if you are planting in a location that is colder.  All of this is needed to help your artichokes grow and be healthy.  If you are not sure about your soil you can ask the nursery staff how you can test it or what they would recommend you do.  They may even have soil that you can purchase from them.  It is always best to check on these things before you leave so that you have everything you need when you begin.

Growing artichokes is going to take moisture and plenty of it.  Therefore, you can cover your plants with mulch and this will help keep the moisture in.  You will also want to be sure to fertilize your plants between spring and midsummer with some type of fish emulsion.  Do not over water your plants if you are starting from a seed.  Even thought they need moisture, you do not want the seeds to rot before they have an opportunity to begin growing.  Begin to harvest before the buds actually begin to open.  They are still going to be green in color and look very tight.

Be sure to read up on the different types of diseases and pests that can bother your artichokes if you are planning on growing artichokes at home.  You are going to know what to look for and how to stop these things from ruining your plants.  The best line of defense is knowledge and this will help you be prepared.