River Birch Tree

What You May Not Know About the River Birch Tree

The river birch tree is a fast growing, popular tree.  Its popularity may be related to the fact that it can adapt well in numerous different soils.  It also provides a lot of shade.  Strong winds and ice are handled well by this tree because of the size of the branches.  They seem to be very strong and can handle severe weather. The tree is easy to grow and it will tolerate slight droughts and flooding.  The river birch tree is very strong and can usually come back from a drought without any problems.  If the stress on the tree is taken away by applying water, it will most likely produce leaves the following year.  You may want to consider pruning the dead branches to help it repair itself.  Keep in mind that, if you do this in the spring, the tree will begin to sap.

If you decide that this is the tree for your landscaping you should keep a few things in mind.  First of all, these trees are typically full sun trees and they will only tolerate partial sun.  The river birch tree exfoliates its bark in the fall just as it does its leaves.  The leaves of this tree are triangular in shape.  Because the tree grows and plants its roots very quickly, it is often times used to help with erosion along banks and rivers.  The river birch tree can also be transplanted without complications if you needed to do that.

When selecting a place to plant your tree you are going to want to find a place that has a lot of sunlight.  It is preferred that the tree be planted in cool moist soil.  However, as previously mentioned, it can grow in dry places because its roots can grow very deep.  They also like very acidic soil so they can grow in places that other trees typically will not survive.  Once your tree is planted, you need to remember some things to help your tree thrive and grow successfully.  You want to be sure that you are watering your new tree and you will want to put mulch around it.  It may be a good idea to supply some type of irrigation to the tree so that it is getting adequate water. This is because the tree will need approximately three inches of water per week when the temperature if over 90 degrees.  The mulch will help to moderate the temperatures, keep the tree moist and keep the roots out of the direct sun. The next thing that you want to consider when selecting a place to plant your tree is power lines.  Many people will often make the mistake of planting a baby tree underneath of a power line.  You need to remember that a river birch tree will grow to reach 40-50 feet in height.

This type of tree can be bothered by two common insects.  The first is the birch leafminer and the second is the bronze birch borer.  The leafminer will not actually kill your tree but it will turn the leaves brown.  If the tree is attacked by numerous leafminers it can have difficulties resisting the bronze birch borer.  The bronze birch borer is a very small beetle that can actually kill your tree.  You will know if you have these insects because the crown of tree leaves will become sparse and look damaged.  It can be possible to save your tree from these little beetles if you catch it early.  However, if over 50 percent of the crown is damaged it will most likely die.