Types Of Fertilizers

Everything You Need to Know About the 2 Types of Fertilizers

There are basically two different types of fertilizers, and each of them has certain benefits and drawbacks. Before deciding between types of fertilizer, it is important to know what each fertilizer does and whether or not it will work for a specific purpose. Most garden centers can help with decisions about fertilizer, but here are some basic facts about the varieties of fertilizer.

Fertilizer is used by gardeners everywhere. Both commercial and home gardeners use fertilizer to help grow healthier, bigger and better plants. Fertilizer is beneficial because it can help a plant to grow heartily in conditions that may otherwise not be perfect. Say you have soil that is more acidic, but your favorite shrub does not appreciate the acidy soil. Fertilizer to the rescue. You can change your hyper acid soil by fertilizing it with a product that will reduce the acid levels, thereby giving your little shrub a healthy boost.

The two most common types of fertilizers are chemical and organic. Within these 2 fertilizer categories, however, there are a huge variety of fertilizers that cover a wide variety of uses. There are specific fertilizers for fruit trees, flowering trees, vegetable plants, flowering plants, shrubs and just about anything imaginable. If it grows and it might need help to grow, chances are there is a fertilizer for it.

Types of Chemical Fertilizer
Chemical fertilizer, also referred to as inorganic fertilizer, is made up of certain chemical additives that can be beneficial for plant growth. Usually the chemicals in this type of fertilizer are meant to enhance soil conditions by providing nutrients that are not found in the soil naturally.

Chemical fertilizers contain a percentage of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in varying quantities, which is called the NPK. The nitrogen is used to help plants grow faster and larger, mostly in the stems and leaves. Phosphorus will boost growth of flowers and fruits, promote healthy root systems and help defend against some plant diseases. The potassium enhances the overall condition of the stems and leaves.

Types of Organic Fertilizer
Organic fertilizer is made up of more natural compounds, like compost, manure and peat moss. Organic fertilizers are generally better for plants, mostly because they are completely from nature. Chemicals may cause damage to the plants, especially if they are not administered in the proper percentages. Organic compounds will not harm the plants or the surrounding soil, so they can be used freely and without concern.

The only drawback to using organics is that they may not be as speedy because they do not have the high nutrient content of chemically enhanced fertilizers. This is really only a problem when dealing with soil that is extremely poor in quality. And if this is the case with you garden, you can generally purchase some good quality potting soil to help enhanced the soil that is already in your yard or garden.

Choosing between the two main types of fertilizer may seem like no big deal, but it is a good idea to take the environment into consideration when adding chemicals to the soil. This is especially important for commercial growers, since they risk pouring possible dangerous chemicals into the soil and ground water that may affect the surrounding area for years to come. Home gardeners do not have the same level of responsibility in this regard, however it is probably healthier in the long run to keep chemicals off of your plants and out of the soil around your home.